Classification of Astrophysics Journal Articles with Machine Learning to Identify Data for NED

January 2022 • 2022PASP..134a4501C

Authors • Chen, Tracy X. • Ebert, Rick • Mazzarella, Joseph M. • Frayer, Cren • Terek, Scott • Chan, Ben H. P. • Cook, David • Lo, Tak • Schmitz, Marion • Wu, Xiuqin

Abstract • The NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database (NED) is a comprehensive online service that combines fundamental multi-wavelength information for known objects beyond the Milky Way and provides value-added, derived quantities and tools to search and access the data. The contents and relationships between measurements in the database are continuously augmented and revised to stay current with astrophysics literature and new sky surveys. The conventional process of distilling and extracting data from the literature involves human experts to review the journal articles and determine if an article is of extragalactic nature, and if so, what types of data it contains. This is both labor intensive and unsustainable, especially given the ever-increasing number of publications each year. We present here a machine learning (ML) approach developed and integrated into the NED production pipeline to help automate the classification of journal article topics and their data content for inclusion into NED. We show that this ML application can successfully reproduce the classifications of a human expert to an accuracy of over 90% in a fraction of the time it takes a human, allowing us to focus human expertise on tasks that are more difficult to automate.


IPAC Authors

David Cook

Assistant Scientist

Joe Mazzarella

Senior Scientist