Synergizing Deep Field Programs Across Multiple Surveys
Capak, Peter; Scolnic, Dan; Davidzon, Iary
A critical component of many past, present and future astronomical surveys is a dedicated deep field program. We argue these should be explicitly coordinated and considered in project design to maximize the scientific output of these important observations.
Opportunities in Time-domain Stellar Astrophysics with the NASA Near-Earth Object Camera (NEOCam)
Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Metchev, Stanimir A.; Hillenbrand, Lynne A. and 11 more
NEOCam will provide valuable data for the discovery and characterization of cold brown dwarfs, exoplanet analogs with weather variations, pre-main sequence variables, infrared-only transients, and more. For a relatively small investment, NASA can realize the full potential of NEOCam data by providing additional data products and transient alerting.
The Need for Infrared Astrometry of Brown Dwarfs in the Post-Gaia Era
Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Abdurrahman, Fatima; Best, William M. and 9 more
Brown dwarf research in the next decade will be reliant on extending high- precision astrometry in wavelength and temporal coverage. Future astrometry will enable measures of the low-mass cutoff of star formation, allow for the discovery of cold brown dwarf analogs to cold (exo)planets, and enable mass measurements for single and binary systems.
On the Origins of the Initial Mass Function
Paladini, Roberta; Povich, Matthew; Armus, Lee and 10 more
In order to establish if the IMF and CMF are Universal, it is necessary to: 1) perform multi-wavelength large-scale imaging and spectroscopic surveys; 2) require an angular resolution of 0.1 arcsec in the optical/near-IR and 5 arcsec in the far-IR; 3) achieve far-IR sensitivities to probe 0.1 M cores at 2-3 kpc.