First Observations of the Brown Dwarf HD 19467 B with JWST

March 2023 • 2023ApJ...945..126G

Authors • Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. • Llop-Sayson, Jorge • Lew, Ben W. P. • Bryden, Geoffrey • Roellig, Thomas L. • Ygouf, Marie • Fulton, B. J. • Hey, Daniel R. • Huber, Daniel • Mukherjee, Sagnick • Meyer, Michael • Leisenring, Jarron • Rieke, Marcia • Boyer, Martha • Green, Joseph J. • Kelly, Doug • Misselt, Karl • Serabyn, Eugene • Stansberry, John • Chu, Laurie E. U. • De Furio, Matthew • Johnstone, Doug • Schlieder, Joshua E. • Beichman, Charles

Abstract • We observed HD 19467 B with JWST's NIRCam in six filters spanning 2.5-4.6 μm with the long-wavelength bar coronagraph. The brown dwarf HD 19467 B was initially identified through a long-period trend in the radial velocity of the G3V star HD 19467. HD 19467 B was subsequently detected via coronagraphic imaging and spectroscopy, and characterized as a late-T type brown dwarf with an approximate temperature ~1000 K. We observed HD 19467 B as a part of the NIRCam GTO science program, demonstrating the first use of the NIRCam Long Wavelength Bar coronagraphic mask. The object was detected in all six filters (contrast levels of 2 × 10-4 to 2 × 10-5) at a separation of 1.″6 using angular differential imaging and synthetic reference differential imaging. Due to a guide star failure during the acquisition of a preselected reference star, no reference star data were available for post-processing. However, reference differential imaging was successfully applied using synthetic point-spread functions developed from contemporaneous maps of the telescope's optical configuration. Additional radial velocity data (from Keck/HIRES) are used to constrain the orbit of HD 19467 B. Photometric data from TESS are used to constrain the properties of the host star, particularly its age. NIRCam photometry, spectra, and photometry from the literature, and improved stellar parameters are used in conjunction with recent spectral and evolutionary substellar models to derive the physical properties of HD 19467 B. Using an age of 9.4 ± 0.9 Gyr inferred from spectroscopy, Gaia astrometry, and TESS asteroseismology, we obtain a model-derived mass of 62 ± 1 M J, which is consistent within 2σ with the dynamically derived mass of ${81}_{-12}^{+14}$ M J.