K2-114b and K2-115b: Two Transiting Warm Jupiters

November 2017 • 2017AJ....154..188S

Authors • Shporer, Avi • Zhou, George • Fulton, Benjamin J. • Vanderburg, Andrew • Espinoza, Nestor • Collins, Karen • Ciardi, David • Bayliss, Daniel • Armstrong, James D. • Bento, Joao • Bouchy, Francois • Cochran, William D. • Collier Cameron, Andrew • Colón, Knicole • Crossfield, Ian • Dragomir, Diana • Howard, Andrew W. • Howell, Steve B. • Isaacson, Howard • Kielkopf, John F. • Murgas, Felipe • Sefako, Ramotholo • Sinukoff, Evan • Siverd, Robert • Udry, Stephane

Abstract • We report the first results from a search for transiting warm Jupiter exoplanets—gas giant planets receiving stellar irradiation below about 108 erg s-1 cm-2, equivalent to orbital periods beyond about 10 days around Sun-like stars. We have discovered two transiting warm Jupiter exoplanets initially identified as transiting candidates in K2 photometry. K2-114b has a mass of 1.85-0.22+0.23 MJ, a radius of 0.942-0.020+0.032 RJ, and an orbital period of 11.4 days. K2-115b has a mass of 0.84-0.20+0.18 MJ, a radius of 1.115-0.061+0.057 RJ, and an orbital period of 20.3 days. Both planets are among the longest-period transiting gas giant planets with a measured mass, and they are orbiting relatively old host stars. Both planets are not inflated, as their radii are consistent with theoretical expectations. Their position in the planet radius-stellar irradiation diagram is consistent with the scenario where the radius-irradiation correlation levels off below about 108 erg s-1 cm-2, suggesting that for warm Jupiters stellar irradiation does not play a significant role in determining the planet radius. We also report our identification of another K2 transiting warm Jupiter candidate, EPIC 212504617, as a false positive.


IPAC Authors


David Ciardi

Senior Scientist


Benjamin Fulton

Assistant Scientist