February 2017 • 2017AJ....153...70S
Abstract • We report precise radial velocity (RV) measurements of WASP-47, a G star that hosts three transiting planets in close proximity (a hot Jupiter, a super-Earth, and a Neptune-sized planet) and a non-transiting planet at 1.4 au. Through a joint analysis of previously published RVs and our own Keck-HIRES RVs, we significantly improve the planet mass and bulk density measurements. For the super-Earth WASP-47e (P = 0.79 days), we measure a mass of 9.11+/- 1.17 M⊕, and a bulk density of 7.63+/- 1.90 g cm-3, consistent with a rocky composition. For the hot Jupiter WASP-47b (P = 4.2 days), we measure a mass of 356+/- 12 M⊕ (1.12 ± 0.04 MJup) and constrain its eccentricity to < 0.021 at 3σ confidence. For the Neptune-size planet WASP-47d (P = 9.0 days), we measure a mass of 12.75+/- 2.70 M⊕ and a bulk density of 1.36+/- 0.42 g cm-3, suggesting that it has a thick H/He envelope. For the outer non-transiting planet, we measure a minimum mass of 411+/- 18 M⊕ (1.29 ± 0.06 MJup), an orbital period of 595.7+/- 5.0 days, and an orbital eccentricity of 0.27+/- 0.04. Our new measurements are consistent with but two to four times more precise than previous mass measurements.