The PDS 66 Circumstellar Disk as Seen in Polarized Light with the Gemini Planet Imager

February 2016 • 2016ApJ...818L..15W

Authors • Wolff, Schuyler G. • Perrin, Marshall • Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. • Nielsen, Eric L. • Wang, Jason • Cardwell, Andrew • Chilcote, Jeffrey • Dong, Ruobing • Draper, Zachary H. • Duchêne, Gaspard • Fitzgerald, Michael P. • Goodsell, Stephen J. • Grady, Carol A. • Graham, James R. • Greenbaum, Alexandra Z. • Hartung, Markus • Hibon, Pascale • Hines, Dean C. • Hung, Li-Wei • Kalas, Paul • Macintosh, Bruce • Marchis, Franck • Marois, Christian • Pueyo, Laurent • Rantakyrö, Fredrik T. • Schneider, Glenn • Sivaramakrishnan, Anand • Wiktorowicz, Sloane J.

Abstract • We present H- and K-band imaging polarimetry for the PDS 66 circumstellar disk obtained during the commissioning of the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI). Polarization images reveal a clear detection of the disk in to the 0.″12 inner working angle (IWA) in the H band, almost three times closer to the star than the previous Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations with NICMOS and STIS (0.″35 effective IWA). The centro-symmetric polarization vectors confirm that the bright inner disk detection is due to circumstellar scattered light. A more diffuse disk extends to a bright outer ring centered at 80 AU. We discuss several physical mechanisms capable of producing the observed ring + gap structure. GPI data confirm enhanced scattering on the east side of the disk that is inferred to be nearer to us. We also detect a lateral asymmetry in the south possibly due to shadowing from material within the IWA. This likely corresponds to a temporally variable azimuthal asymmetry observed in HST/STIS coronagraphic imaging.


IPAC Authors

Alexandra Greenbaum

Assistant Scientist