ALMA Lensing Cluster Survey: ALMA-Herschel Joint Study of Lensed Dusty Star-forming Galaxies across z ≃ 0.5 - 6

June 2022 • 2022ApJ...932...77S

Authors • Sun, Fengwu • Egami, Eiichi • Fujimoto, Seiji • Rawle, Timothy • Bauer, Franz E. • Kohno, Kotaro • Smail, Ian • Pérez-González, Pablo G. • Ao, Yiping • Chapman, Scott C. • Combes, Francoise • Dessauges-Zavadsky, Miroslava • Espada, Daniel • González-López, Jorge • Koekemoer, Anton M. • Kokorev, Vasily • Lee, Minju M. • Morokuma-Matsui, Kana • Muñoz Arancibia, Alejandra M. • Oguri, Masamune • Pelló, Roser • Ueda, Yoshihiro • Uematsu, Ryosuke • Valentino, Francesco • Van der Werf, Paul • Walth, Gregory L. • Zemcov, Michael • Zitrin, Adi

Abstract • We present an ALMA-Herschel joint analysis of sources detected by the ALMA Lensing Cluster Survey (ALCS) at 1.15 mm. Herschel/PACS and SPIRE data at 100-500 μm are deblended for 180 ALMA sources in 33 lensing cluster fields that are detected either securely (141 sources; in our main sample) or tentatively at S/N ≥ 4 with cross-matched HST/Spitzer counterparts, down to a delensed 1.15 mm flux density of ~0.02 mJy. We performed far-infrared spectral energy distribution modeling and derived the physical properties of dusty star formation for 125 sources (109 independently) that are detected at >2σ in at least one Herschel band. A total of 27 secure ALCS sources are not detected in any Herschel bands, including 17 optical/near-IR-dark sources that likely reside at z = 4.2 ± 1.2. The 16th, 50th, and 84th percentiles of the redshift distribution are 1.15, 2.08, and 3.59, respectively, for ALCS sources in the main sample, suggesting an increasing fraction of z ≃ 1 - 2 galaxies among fainter millimeter sources (f 1150 ~ 0.1 mJy). With a median lensing magnification factor of $\mu ={2.6}_{-0.8}^{+2.6}$ , ALCS sources in the main sample exhibit a median intrinsic star formation rate of ${94}_{-54}^{+84}$ M yr-1, lower than that of conventional submillimeter galaxies at similar redshifts by a factor of ~3. Our study suggests weak or no redshift evolution of dust temperature with L IR < 1012 L galaxies within our sample at z ≃ 0 - 2. At L IR > 1012 L , the dust temperatures show no evolution across z ≃ 1-4 while being lower than those in the local universe. For the highest-redshift source in our sample (z = 6.07), we can rule out an extreme dust temperature (>80 K) that was reported for MACS0416 Y1 at z = 8.31.


IPAC Authors


Greg Walth

Assistant Scientist