Asteroidscomets

The 3D Kinematics of the Orion Nebula Cluster: NIRSPEC-AO Radial Velocities of the Core Population

February 2022 • 2022ApJ...926..141T

Authors • Theissen, Christopher A. • Konopacky, Quinn M. • Lu, Jessica R. • Kim, Dongwon • Zhang, Stella Y. • Hsu, Chih-Chun • Chu, Laurie • Wei, Lingfeng

Abstract • The kinematics and dynamics of stellar and substellar populations within young, still-forming clusters provide valuable information for constraining theories of formation mechanisms. Using Keck II NIRSPEC+AO data, we have measured radial velocities for 56 low-mass sources within 4' of the core of the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC). We also remeasure radial velocities for 172 sources observed with SDSS/APOGEE. These data are combined with proper motions measured using HST ACS/WFPC2/WFC3IR and Keck II NIRC2, creating a sample of 135 sources with all three velocity components. The velocities measured are consistent with a normal distribution in all three components. We measure intrinsic velocity dispersions of ( ${\sigma }_{{v}_{\alpha }}$ , ${\sigma }_{{v}_{\delta }}$ , ${\sigma }_{{v}_{r}}$ ) = (1.64 ± 0.12, 2.03 ± 0.13, ${2.56}_{-0.17}^{+0.16}$ ) km s-1. Our computed intrinsic velocity dispersion profiles are consistent with the dynamical equilibrium models from Da Rio et al. (2014) in the tangential direction but not in the line-of-sight direction, possibly indicating that the core of the ONC is not yet virialized, and may require a nonspherical potential to explain the observed velocity dispersion profiles. We also observe a slight elongation along the north-south direction following the filament, which has been well studied in previous literature, and an elongation in the line-of-sight to tangential velocity direction. These 3D kinematics will help in the development of realistic models of the formation and early evolution of massive clusters.

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IPAC Authors
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Laurie Chu

Postdoctoral Research Associate