2mass-allsky

Determining Which Binary Component Hosts the TESS Transiting Planet

August 2022 • 2022AJ....164...56L

Authors • Lester, Kathryn V. • Howell, Steve B. • Ciardi, David R. • Matson, Rachel A.

Abstract • The NASA TESS mission has discovered many transiting planets orbiting bright nearby stars, and high-resolution imaging studies have revealed that a number of these exoplanet hosts reside in binary or multiple star systems. In such systems, transit observations alone cannot determine which star in the binary system actually hosts the orbiting planet. The knowledge of which star the planet orbits is necessary for determining accurate physical properties for the planet, especially its true radius and mean bulk density. We derived the mean stellar densities for the components of 23 binary systems using the light curve transit shape and the binary flux ratio from speckle imaging, then tested the consistency with stellar models to determine which component is the host star. We found that 70% of the TESS transiting planets in our sample orbit the primary star.

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David Ciardi

Senior Scientist