The TESS-Keck Survey. I. A Warm Sub-Saturn-mass Planet and a Caution about Stray Light in TESS Cameras

May 2020 • 2020AJ....159..241D

Authors • Dalba, Paul A. • Gupta, Arvind F. • Rodriguez, Joseph E. • Dragomir, Diana • Huang, Chelsea X. • Kane, Stephen R. • Quinn, Samuel N. • Bieryla, Allyson • Esquerdo, Gilbert A. • Fulton, Benjamin J. • Scarsdale, Nicholas • Batalha, Natalie M. • Beard, Corey • Behmard, Aida • Chontos, Ashley • Crossfield, Ian J. M. • Dressing, Courtney D. • Giacalone, Steven • Hill, Michelle L. • Hirsch, Lea A. • Howard, Andrew W. • Huber, Daniel • Isaacson, Howard • Kosiarek, Molly • Lubin, Jack • Mayo, Andrew W. • Mocnik, Teo • Akana Murphy, Joseph M. • Petigura, Erik A. • Robertson, Paul • Rosenthal, Lee J. • Roy, Arpita • Rubenzahl, Ryan A. • Van Zandt, Judah • Weiss, Lauren M. • Knudstrup, Emil • Andersen, Mads F. • Grundahl, Frank • Yao, Xinyu • Pepper, Joshua • Villanueva, Steven, Jr. • Ciardi, David R. • Cloutier, Ryan • Jacobs, Thomas Lee • Kristiansen, Martti H. • LaCourse, Daryll M. • Lendl, Monika • Osborn, Hugh P. • Palle, Enric • Stassun, Keivan G. • Stevens, Daniel J. • Ricker, George R. • Vanderspek, Roland • Latham, David W. • Seager, S. • Winn, Joshua N. • Jenkins, Jon M. • Caldwell, Douglas A. • Daylan, Tansu • Fong, William • Goeke, Robert F. • Rose, Mark E. • Rowden, Pamela • Schlieder, Joshua E. • Smith, Jeffrey C. • Vanderburg, Andrew

Abstract • We report the detection of a Saturn-size exoplanet orbiting HD 332231 (TOI 1456) in light curves from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). HD 332231 -- an F8 dwarf star with a V-band magnitude of 8.56 -- was observed by TESS in Sectors 14 and 15. We detect a single-transit event in the Sector 15 presearch data conditioning (PDC) light curve. We obtain spectroscopic follow-up observations of HD 332231 with the Automated Planet Finder, Keck I, and SONG telescopes. The orbital period we infer from radial velocity (RV) observations leads to the discovery of another transit in Sector 14 that was masked by PDC due to scattered light contamination. A joint analysis of the transit and RV data confirms the planetary nature of HD 332231 b, a Saturn-size ( ${0.867}_{-0.025}^{+0.027}\ {R}_{{\rm{J}}} ), sub-Saturn-mass ( $0.244\pm 0.021\ {M}_{{\rm{J}}} ) exoplanet on a 18.71 day circular orbit. The low surface gravity of HD 332231 b and the relatively low stellar flux it receives make it a compelling target for transmission spectroscopy. Also, the stellar obliquity is likely measurable via the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, an exciting prospect given the 0.14 au orbital separation of HD 332231 b. The spectroscopic observations do not provide substantial evidence for any additional planets in the HD 332231 system, but continued RV monitoring is needed to further characterize this system. We also predict that the frequency and duration of masked data in the PDC light curves for TESS Sectors 14-16 could hide transits of some exoplanets with orbital periods between 10.5 and 17.5 days.


IPAC Authors


David Ciardi

Senior Scientist


Benjamin Fulton

Assistant Scientist