July 2019 • 2019JCAP...07..005Z
Abstract • We present a systematic analysis of the cosmological constraints from the "Pantheon Sample" of 1048 Type Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) in the redshift range 0.01<z<2.3 compiled by Scolnic et al. (2018). Applying the flux-averaging method for detecting unknown systematic effects, we find that the "Pantheon" sample has been well calibrated and the bias caused by unknown systematic errors has been minimized. We present the estimate of distances measured from SNe Ia and reconstruct the expansion history of the Universe. The results are in agreement with a simple cosmological constant model and reveals the possible improvements that future SN Ia observations from WFIRST and LSST can target. We have derived distance priors using the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) data from the Planck 2018 final data release, and combine them with SNe Ia and baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) data, to explore the impact from the systematic errors of SNe Ia on the combined cosmological parameter constraints. Using the combined data set of SNe Ia, BAO, and CMB distance priors, we measure the dark energy density function X(z)=ρX(z)/ρX(0) as a free function (defined as a cubic spline of its values at z=0.33, 0.67, 1.0), along with the cosmological parameters (Ωk, Ωm, Ωb, H0). We find no deviation from a flat Universe dominated by a cosmological constant (X(z)=1), and H0=68.4± 0.9 km s-1Mpc-1, straddling the Planck team's measurement of H0=67.4± 0.5 km s-1Mpc-1, and Riess et al. (2018) measurement of H0=73.52± 1.62 km s-1Mpc-1. Adding H0=73.52± 1.62 km s-1Mpc-1 as a prior to the combined data set leads to the time dependence of the dark energy density at z~ 0.33 at 68% confidence level. Not including the systematic errors on SNe Ia has a similar but larger effect on the dark energy density measurement.