Two Warm, Low-density Sub-Jovian Planets Orbiting Bright Stars in K2 Campaigns 13 and 14

September 2018 • 2018AJ....156..127Y

Authors • Yu, Liang • Rodriguez, Joseph E. • Eastman, Jason D. • Crossfield, Ian J. M. • Shporer, Avi • Gaudi, B. Scott • Burt, Jennifer • Fulton, Benjamin J. • Sinukoff, Evan • Howard, Andrew W. • Isaacson, Howard • Kosiarek, Molly R. • Ciardi, David R. • Schlieder, Joshua E. • Penev, Kaloyan • Vanderburg, Andrew • Stassun, Keivan G. • Bieryla, Allyson • Butler, R. Paul • Berlind, Perry • Calkins, Michael L. • Esquerdo, Gilbert A. • Latham, David W. • Murawski, Gabriel • Stevens, Daniel J. • Petigura, Erik A. • Kreidberg, Laura • Bristow, Makennah

Abstract • We report the discovery of two planets transiting the bright stars HD 89345 (EPIC 248777106, V = 9.376, K = 7.721) in K2 Campaign 14 and HD 286123 (EPIC 247098361, V = 9.822, K = 8.434) in K2 Campaign 13. Both stars are G-type stars, one of which is at or near the end of its main-sequence lifetime, and the other is just over halfway through its main-sequence lifetime. HD 89345 hosts a warm sub-Saturn (0.66 {R}{{J}}, 0.11 {M}{{J}}, {T}eq} = 1100 K) in an 11.81 day orbit. The planet is similar in size to WASP-107b, which falls in the transition region between ice giants and gas giants. HD 286123 hosts a Jupiter-sized, low-mass planet (1.06 {R}{{J}}, 0.39 {M}{{J}}, {T}eq} = 1000 K) in an 11.17 day, mildly eccentric orbit, with e = 0.255 ± 0.035. Given that they orbit relatively evolved main-sequence stars and have orbital periods longer than 10 days, these planets are interesting candidates for studies of gas planet evolution, migration, and (potentially) reinflation. Both planets have spent their entire lifetimes near the proposed stellar irradiation threshold at which giant planets become inflated, and neither shows any sign of radius inflation. They probe the regime where inflation begins to become noticeable and are valuable in constraining planet inflation models. In addition, the brightness of the host stars, combined with large atmospheric scale heights of the planets, makes these two systems favorable targets for transit spectroscopy to study their atmospheres and perhaps provide insight into the physical mechanisms that lead to inflated hot Jupiters.


IPAC Authors


David Ciardi

Senior Scientist


Benjamin Fulton

Assistant Scientist