Chemical Abundances in a Sample of Red Giants in the Open Cluster NGC 2420 from APOGEE

October 2016 • 2016ApJ...830...35S

Authors • Souto, Diogo • Cunha, K. • Smith, V. • Allende Prieto, C. • Pinsonneault, M. • Zamora, O. • García-Hernández, D. A. • Mészáros, Sz. • Bovy, J. • García Pérez, A. E. • Anders, F. • Bizyaev, D. • Carrera, R. • Frinchaboy, P. M. • Holtzman, J. • Ivans, I. • Majewski, S. R. • Shetrone, M. • Sobeck, J. • Pan, K. • Tang, B. • Villanova, S. • Geisler, D.

Abstract • NGC 2420 is a ∼2 Gyr old well-populated open cluster that lies about 2 kpc beyond the solar circle, in the general direction of the Galactic anti-center. Most previous abundance studies have found this cluster to be mildly metal-poor, but with a large scatter in the obtained metallicities. Detailed chemical abundance distributions are derived for 12 red-giant members of NGC 2420 via a manual abundance analysis of high-resolution (R = 22,500) near-infrared (λ1.5-1.7 μm) spectra obtained from the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) survey. The sample analyzed contains six stars that are identified as members of the first-ascent red giant branch (RGB), as well as six members of the red clump (RC). We find small scatter in the star-to-star abundances in NGC 2420, with a mean cluster abundance of [Fe/H] = -0.16 ± 0.04 for the 12 red giants. The internal abundance dispersion for all elements (C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Co and Ni) is also very small (∼0.03-0.06 dex), indicating a uniform cluster abundance distribution within the uncertainties. NGC 2420 is one of the clusters used to calibrate the APOGEE Stellar Parameter and Chemical Abundance Pipeline (ASPCAP). The results from this manual analysis compare well with ASPCAP abundances for most of the elements studied, although for Na, Al, and V there are more significant offsets. No evidence of extra-mixing at the RGB luminosity bump is found in the 12C and 14N abundances from the pre-luminosity-bump RGB stars in comparison to the post-He core-flash RC stars.


IPAC Authors

Jennifer Sobek

Associate Scientist