The X-Ray-Optical Relations for Nine Clusters at z = 0.7-1.1 from the ORELSE Survey

February 2013 • 2013ApJ...763..124R

Authors • Rumbaugh, N. • Kocevski, D. D. • Gal, R. R. • Lemaux, B. C. • Lubin, L. M. • Fassnacht, C. D. • Squires, G. K.

Abstract • We use Chandra observations of nine optically and X-ray-selected clusters in five different structures at z ~ 0.7-1.1 from the Observations of Redshift Evolution in Large-Scale Environments survey to study diffuse X-ray emission from galaxy clusters. X-ray gas temperatures and bolometric rest-frame luminosities are measured for each cluster in the sample. We present new redshift measurements, derived from data obtained using the Deep Imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph on the Keck 10 m telescope, for two clusters in the RX J0910 supercluster at z ~ 1.1, from which velocity dispersions are measured. Dispersions for all clusters are combined with X-ray luminosities and gas temperatures to evaluate how the cluster properties compare to low-redshift scaling relations. We also measure the degree of substructure in each cluster by examining the velocity histograms, performing Dressler-Shectman tests, and computing the offsets between the X-ray emission center and optically derived centroids. We find that only two clusters show clear indications of being unrelaxed, based on their scaling relations and other dynamical state diagnostics. Using our sample, we evaluate the redshift evolution of the Lx -T relation and investigate the implications of our results for precision cosmology surveys.


IPAC Authors


Gordon Squires

Senior Scientist