A New Look at Stellar Outflows: Spitzer Observations of the HH 46/47 System

September 2004 • 2004ApJS..154..352N

Authors • Noriega-Crespo, Alberto • Morris, Patrick • Marleau, Francine R. • Carey, Sean • Boogert, Adwin • van Dishoeck, Ewine • Evans, Neal J., II • Keene, Jocelyn • Muzerolle, James • Stapelfeldt, Karl • Pontoppidan, Klaus • Lowrance, Patrick • Allen, Lori • Bourke, Tyler L.

Abstract • We present the Early Release Observations of the HH 46/47 system and HH 46 IRS 1 source, taken with the three instruments aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope. The optically invisible southwest lobe, driven by the HH 47C bow shock, is revealed in full detail by the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) images and displays a ``loop''-like morphology. Both of the mid-infrared outflow lobes are narrower than those of CO flow. We believe that the combination of emission by H2 rotational lines [S(11)-S(4)] and some atomic lines, which fall within the IRAC passbands, are responsible for the bulk of the observed emission, although contributions from the 3.3, 6.2, and 7.7 μm polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon emission bands cannot be ruled out. Weak spectral features corresponding to these emitters are present in the Infrared Spectrograph spectrum of the HH 47A bow shock. The spectrum of HH 46 IRS 1 shows remarkable similarities to those of high-mass protostars, which include the presence of H2O, CO2, CH4, and possibly NH3, CH3OH, and NH+4 ices. The high ice abundances and the lack of signs of thermal processing indicate that these ices in the envelope are well shielded from the powerful outflow and its cavity. Emission from the Bok globule at 24 μm is detected and displays a similar structure to that observed at 8 μm.


IPAC Authors

Sean Carey

Senior Scientist


Patrick Lowrance

Senior Scientist