August 2002 • 2002AJ....124.1170D
Abstract • Trigonometric parallax determinations are presented for 28 late-type dwarfs and brown dwarfs, including eight M dwarfs with spectral types between M7 and M9.5, 17 L dwarfs with spectral types between L0 and L8, and three T dwarfs. Broadband photometry at CCD wavelengths (VRIz*) and/or near-IR wavelengths (JHK) is presented for these objects and for 24 additional late-type dwarfs. Supplemented with astrometry and photometry from the literature, including 10 L and two T dwarfs with parallaxes established by association with bright, usually Hipparcos primaries, this material forms the basis for studying various color-color and color-absolute magnitude relations. The I-J color is a good predictor of absolute magnitude for late M and L dwarfs. MJ becomes monotonically fainter with I-J color and with spectral type through late L dwarfs, then brightens for early T dwarfs. The combination of z*JK colors alone can be used to classify late M, early L, and T dwarfs accurately, as well as to predict their absolute magnitudes, but is less effective at untangling the scatter among mid- and late L dwarfs. The mean tangential velocity of these objects is found to be slightly less than that for dM stars in the solar neighborhood, consistent with a sample with a mean age of several Gyr. Using colors to estimate bolometric corrections and models to estimate stellar radii, effective temperatures are derived. The latest L dwarfs are found to have Teff~1360 K.