The TESS-Keck Survey. XV. Precise Properties of 108 TESS Planets and Their Host Stars

July 2023 • 2023AJ....166...33M

Authors • MacDougall, Mason G. • Petigura, Erik A. • Gilbert, Gregory J. • Angelo, Isabel • Batalha, Natalie M. • Beard, Corey • Behmard, Aida • Blunt, Sarah • Brinkman, Casey • Chontos, Ashley • Crossfield, Ian J. M. • Dai, Fei • Dalba, Paul A. • Dressing, Courtney • Fetherolf, Tara • Fulton, Benjamin • Giacalone, Steven • Hill, Michelle L. • Holcomb, Rae • Howard, Andrew W. • Huber, Daniel • Isaacson, Howard • Kane, Stephen R. • Kosiarek, Molly • Lubin, Jack • Mayo, Andrew • Močnik, Teo • Akana Murphy, Joseph M. • Pidhorodetska, Daria • Polanski, Alex S. • Rice, Malena • Robertson, Paul • Rosenthal, Lee J. • Roy, Arpita • Rubenzahl, Ryan A. • Scarsdale, Nicholas • Turtelboom, Emma V. • Tyler, Dakotah • Van Zandt, Judah • Weiss, Lauren M. • Yee, Samuel W.

Abstract • We present the stellar and planetary properties for 85 TESS Objects of Interest (TOIs) hosting 108 planet candidates that compose the TESS-Keck Survey (TKS) sample. We combine photometry, high-resolution spectroscopy, and Gaia parallaxes to measure precise and accurate stellar properties. We then use these parameters as inputs to a light-curve processing pipeline to recover planetary signals and homogeneously fit their transit properties. Among these transit fits, we detect significant transit-timing variations among at least three multiplanet systems (TOI-1136, TOI-1246, TOI-1339) and at least one single-planet system (TOI-1279). We also reduce the uncertainties on planet-to-star radius ratios R p /R across our sample, from a median fractional uncertainty of 8.8% among the original TOI Catalog values to 3.0% among our updated results. With this improvement, we are able to recover the Radius Gap among small TKS planets and find that the topology of the Radius Gap among our sample is broadly consistent with that measured among Kepler planets. The stellar and planetary properties presented here will facilitate follow-up investigations of both individual TOIs and broader trends in planet properties, system dynamics, and the evolution of planetary systems.


IPAC Authors


Benjamin Fulton

Assistant Scientist