Star cluster formation in Orion A

January 2021 • 2021PASJ...73S.239L

Authors • Lim, Wanggi • Nakamura, Fumitaka • Wu, Benjamin • Bisbas, Thomas G. • Tan, Jonathan C. • Chambers, Edward • Bally, John • Kong, Shuo • McGehee, Peregrine • Lis, Dariusz C. • Ossenkopf-Okada, Volker • Sánchez-Monge, Álvaro

Abstract • We introduce new analysis methods for studying the star cluster formation processes in Orion A, especially examining the scenario of a cloud-cloud collision. We utilize the CARMA-NRO Orion survey 13CO (1-0) data to compare molecular gas to the properties of young stellar objects from the SDSS III IN-SYNC survey. We show that the increase of $v_{\rm {}^{13}CO} - v_{\rm YSO}$ and Σ scatter of older YSOs can be signals of cloud-cloud collision. SOFIA-upGREAT 158 μm [C II] archival data toward the northern part of Orion A are also compared to the 13CO data to test whether the position and velocity offsets between the emission from these two transitions resemble those predicted by a cloud-cloud collision model. We find that the northern part of Orion A, including regions ONC-OMC-1, OMC-2, OMC-3, and OMC-4, shows qualitative agreements with the cloud-cloud collision scenario, while in one of the southern regions, NGC 1999, there is no indication of such a process in causing the birth of new stars. On the other hand, another southern cluster, L 1641 N, shows slight tendencies of cloud-cloud collision. Overall, our results support the cloud-cloud collision process as being an important mechanism for star cluster formation in Orion A.


IPAC Authors

Wanggi Lim

Assistant Scientist