[C II] and CO Emission along the Bar and Counter-arms of NGC 7479

March 2021 • 2021ApJ...909..204F

Authors • Fadda, Dario • Laine, Seppo • Appleton, Philip N.

Abstract • We present new SOFIA [C II] and ALMA COJ=1→0 observations of the nearby asymmetric barred spiral galaxy NGC 7479. The data, which cover the whole bar of the galaxy and the counter-arms visible in the radio continuum, are analyzed in conjunction with a wealth of existing visible, infrared, radio, and X-ray data. As in most normal galaxies, the [C II] emission is generally consistent with emission from cooling gas excited by photoelectric heating in photodissociation regions. However, anomalously high [C II]/CO ratios are seen at the two ends of the counter-arms. Both ends show shell-like structures, possibly bubbles, in Hα emission. In addition, the southern end has [C II]-to-infrared emission ratios inconsistent with normal star formation. Because there is little H I emission at this location, the [C II] emission probably originates in warm shocked molecular gas heated by the interaction of the radio jet forming the counter-arms with the interstellar medium in the galaxy. At two other locations, the high [C II]/CO ratios provide evidence for the existence of patches of CO-dark molecular gas. The [C II] and CO observations also reveal resolved velocity components along the bar. In particular, the CO emission can be separated into two components associated with gas along the leading edge of the bar and gas trailing the bar. The trailing gas component that amounts to approximately 40% of the gas around the bar region may be related to a minor merger. * Based on SOFIA observations with FIFI-LS.


IPAC Authors


Phil Appleton

Senior Scientist


Seppo Laine

Associate Scientist