The KMOS Lens-Amplified Spectroscopic Survey (KLASS): kinematics and clumpiness of low-mass galaxies at cosmic noon

September 2020 • 2020MNRAS.497..173G

Authors • Girard, M. • Mason, C. A. • Fontana, A. • Dessauges-Zavadsky, M. • Morishita, T. • Amorín, R. • Fisher, D. B. • Jones, T. • Schaerer, D. • Schmidt, K. B. • Treu, T. • Vulcani, B.

Abstract • We present results from the KMOS Lens-Amplified Spectroscopic Survey (KLASS), an ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT) large program using gravitational lensing to study the spatially resolved kinematics of 44 star-forming galaxies at 0.6 < z < 2.3 with a stellar mass of 8.1 < log(M/M) < 11.0. These galaxies are located behind six galaxy clusters selected from the Hubble Space Telescope Grism Lens-Amplified Survey from Space (GLASS). We find that the majority of the galaxies show a rotating disc, but most of the rotation-dominated galaxies only have a low υ rot0 ratio (median of υrot0 ~ 2.5). We explore the Tully-Fisher relation by adopting the circular velocity, $V_{\mathrm{ circ}}=(\upsilon _{\mathrm{ rot}}^2+3.4\sigma _0^2)^{1/2}$, to account for pressure support. We find that our sample follows a Tully-Fisher relation with a positive zero-point offset of +0.18 dex compared to the local relation, consistent with more gas-rich galaxies that still have to convert most of their gas into stars. We find a strong correlation between the velocity dispersion and stellar mass in the KLASS sample. When combining our data to other surveys from the literature, we see an increase of the velocity dispersion with stellar mass at all redshift. We obtain an increase of υrot0 with stellar mass at 0.5 < z < 1.0. This could indicate that massive galaxies settle into regular rotating discs before the low-mass galaxies. For higher redshift (z > 1), we find a weak increase or flat trend. We find no clear trend between the rest-frame UV clumpiness and the velocity dispersion and υrot0. This could suggest that the kinematic properties of galaxies evolve after the clumps formed in the galaxy disc or that the clumps can form in different physical conditions.


IPAC Authors


Takahiro Morishita

Assistant Scientist