The High-mass Protostellar Population of a Massive Infrared Dark Cloud

July 2020 • 2020ApJ...897..136M

Authors • Moser, Emily • Liu, Mengyao • Tan, Jonathan C. • Lim, Wanggi • Zhang, Yichen • Farias, Juan Pablo

Abstract • We conduct a census of the high-mass protostellar population of the ∼70,000 M infrared dark cloud (IRDC) G028.37+00.07, identifying 35 sources based on their 70 μm emission, as reported in the Herschel Hi-GAL catalog of Molinari et al. We perform aperture photometry to construct spectral energy distributions, which are then fit with the massive protostar models of Zhang & Tan. We find that the sources span a range of isotropic luminosities from ∼20 to 4500 L. The most luminous sources are predicted to have current protostellar masses of m* ∼ 10 M forming from cores of mass Mc ∼ 40 to 400 M. The least luminous sources in our sample are predicted to be protostars with masses as low as ∼0.5 M forming from cores with Mc ∼ 10 M, which are the minimum values explored in the protostellar model grid. The detected protostellar population has a total estimated protostellar mass of M* ∼ 100 M. Allowing for completeness corrections, which are constrained by comparison with an ALMA study in part of the cloud, we estimate a star formation efficiency per freefall time of ∼3% in the IRDC. Finally, analyzing the spatial distribution of the sources, we find relatively low degrees of central concentration of the protostars. The protostars, including the most massive ones, do not appear to be especially centrally concentrated in the protocluster as defined by the IRDC boundary.


IPAC Authors

Wanggi Lim

Assistant Scientist