HATS-47b, HATS-48Ab, HATS-49b, and HATS-72b: Four Warm Giant Planets Transiting K Dwarfs

April 2020 • 2020AJ....159..173H

Authors • Hartman, J. D. • Jordán, Andrés • Bayliss, D. • Bakos, G. Á. • Bento, J. • Bhatti, W. • Brahm, R. • Csubry, Z. • Espinoza, N. • Henning, Th. • Mancini, L. • Penev, K. • Rabus, M. • Sarkis, P. • Suc, V. • de Val-Borro, M. • Zhou, G. • Crane, J. D. • Shectman, S. • Teske, J. K. • Wang, S. X. • Butler, R. P. • Lázár, J. • Papp, I. • Sári, P. • Anderson, D. R. • Hellier, C. • West, R. G. • Barkaoui, K. • Pozuelos, F. J. • Jehin, E. • Gillon, M. • Nielsen, L. • Lendl, M. • Udry, S. • Ricker, George R. • Vanderspek, Roland • Latham, David W. • Seager, S. • Winn, Joshua N. • Christiansen, Jessie • Crossfield, Ian J. M. • Henze, Christopher E. • Jenkins, Jon M. • Smith, Jeffrey C. • Ting, Eric B.

Abstract • We report the discovery of four transiting giant planets around K dwarfs. The planets HATS-47b, HATS-48Ab, HATS-49b, and HATS-72b have masses of ${0.369}_{-0.021}^{+0.031} ${M}_{{\rm{J}}}, ${0.243}_{-0.030}^{+0.022} ${M}_{{\rm{J}}}, ${0.353}_{-0.027}^{+0.038} ${M}_{{\rm{J}}}, and $0.1254\pm 0.0039 ${M}_{{\rm{J}}}, respectively, and radii of $1.117\pm 0.014 ${R}_{{\rm{J}}}, $0.800\pm 0.015 ${R}_{{\rm{J}}}, $0.765\pm 0.013 ${R}_{{\rm{J}}}, and $0.7224\pm 0.0032 ${R}_{{\rm{J}}}, respectively. The planets orbit close to their host stars with orbital periods of $3.9228 days, $3.1317 days, $4.1480 days, and $7.3279 days, respectively. The hosts are main-sequence K dwarfs with masses of ${0.674}_{-0.012}^{+0.016} ${M}_{\odot }, $0.7279\,\pm 0.0066 ${M}_{\odot }, $0.7133\pm 0.0075 ${M}_{\odot }, and $0.7311\pm 0.0028, and with V-band magnitudes of $V=14.829\pm 0.010, $14.35\pm 0.11, $14.998\pm 0.040 and $12.469\pm 0.010 . The super-Neptune HATS-72b (a.k.a. WASP-191b and TOI 294.01) was independently identified as a transiting planet candidate by the HATSouth, WASP, and TESS surveys, and we present a combined analysis of all of the data gathered by each of these projects (and their follow-up programs). An exceptionally precise mass is measured for HATS-72b thanks to high-precision radial velocity (RV) measurements obtained with VLT/ESPRESSO, FEROS, HARPS, and Magellan/PFS. We also incorporate TESS observations of the warm Saturn-hosting systems HATS-47 (a.k.a. TOI 1073.01), HATS-48A, and HATS-49. HATS-47 was independently identified as a candidate by the TESS team, while the other two systems were not previously identified from the TESS data. The RV orbital variations are measured for these systems using Magellan/PFS. HATS-48A has a resolved $5\buildrel{\prime\prime}\over{.} 4 neighbor in Gaia DR2, which is a common-proper-motion binary star companion to HATS-48A with a mass of 0.22 ${M}_{\odot } and a current projected physical separation of ∼1400 au.


IPAC Authors


Jessie Christiansen

Associate Scientist