The Super Eight Galaxies: Properties of a Sample of Very Bright Galaxies at 7 < z < 8

September 2019 • 2019ApJ...882...42B

Authors • Bridge, Joanna S. • Holwerda, Benne W. • Stefanon, Mauro • Bouwens, Rychard J. • Oesch, Pascal A. • Trenti, Michele • Bernard, Stephanie R. • Bradley, Larry D. • Illingworth, Garth D. • Kusmic, Samir • Magee, Dan • Morishita, Takahiro • Roberts-Borsani, Guido W. • Smit, Renske • Steele, Rebecca L.

Abstract • We present the Super Eight galaxies—a set of very luminous, high-redshift (7.1 < z < 8.0) galaxy candidates found in the Brightest of Reionizing Galaxies (BoRG) Survey fields. The original sample includes eight galaxies that are Y-band dropout objects with H-band magnitudes of m H < 25.5. Four of these objects were originally reported in Calvi et al. Combining new Hubble Space Telescope (HST) WFC3/F814W imaging and Spitzer IRAC data with archival imaging from BoRG and other surveys, we explore the properties of these galaxies. Photometric redshift fitting places six of these galaxies in the redshift range of 7.1 < z < 8.0, resulting in three new high-redshift galaxies and confirming three of the four high-redshift galaxy candidates from Calvi et al. We calculate the half-light radii of the Super Eight galaxies using the HST F160W filter and find that the Super Eight sizes are in line with the typical evolution of size with redshift. The Super Eights have a mean mass of log (M */M ) ∼10, which is typical for sources in this luminosity range. Finally, we place our sample on the UV z ∼ 8 luminosity function and find that the Super Eight number density is consistent with other surveys in this magnitude and redshift range.


IPAC Authors


Takahiro Morishita

Assistant Scientist