Primeval very low-mass stars and brown dwarfs - IV. New L subdwarfs, Gaia astrometry, population properties, and a blue brown dwarf binary

November 2018 • 2018MNRAS.480.5447Z

Authors • Zhang, Z. H. • Galvez-Ortiz, M. C. • Pinfield, D. J. • Burgasser, A. J. • Lodieu, N. • Jones, H. R. A. • Martín, E. L. • Burningham, B. • Homeier, D. • Allard, F. • Zapatero Osorio, M. R. • Smith, L. C. • Smart, R. L. • López Martí, B. • Marocco, F. • Rebolo, R.

Abstract • We present 27 new L subdwarfs and classify five of them as esdL and 22 as sdL. Our L subdwarf candidates were selected with the UKIRT Infrared Deep Sky Survey and Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Spectroscopic follow-up was carried out primarily with the OSIRIS spectrograph on the Gran Telescopio Canarias. Some of these new objects were followed up with the X-shooter instrument on the Very Large Telescope. We studied the photometric properties of the population of known L subdwarfs using colour-spectral type diagrams and colour-colour diagrams, by comparison with L dwarfs and main sequence stars, and identified new colour spaces for L subdwarf selection/study in current and future surveys. We further discussed the brown dwarf transition-zone and the observational stellar/substellar boundary. We found that about one-third of 66 known L subdwarfs are substellar objects, with two-thirds being very low-mass stars. We also present the Hertzsprung-Russell diagrams, spectral type-absolute magnitude corrections, and tangential velocities of 20 known L subdwarfs observed by the Gaia astrometry satellite. One of our L subdwarf candidates, ULAS J233227.03+123452.0, is a mildly metal-poor spectroscopic binary brown dwarf: a ∼L6p dwarf and a ∼T4p dwarf. This binary is likely a thick disc member according to its kinematics.


IPAC Authors

Federico Marocco

Assistant Scientist