KELT-21b: A Hot Jupiter Transiting the Rapidly Rotating Metal-poor Late-A Primary of a Likely Hierarchical Triple System

February 2018 • 2018AJ....155..100J

Authors • Johnson, Marshall C. • Rodriguez, Joseph E. • Zhou, George • Gonzales, Erica J. • Cargile, Phillip A. • Crepp, Justin R. • Penev, Kaloyan • Stassun, Keivan G. • Gaudi, B. Scott • Colón, Knicole D. • Stevens, Daniel J. • Strassmeier, Klaus G. • Ilyin, Ilya • Collins, Karen A. • Kielkopf, John F. • Oberst, Thomas E. • Maritch, Luke • Reed, Phillip A. • Gregorio, Joao • Bozza, Valerio • Calchi Novati, Sebastiano • D'Ago, Giuseppe • Scarpetta, Gaetano • Zambelli, Roberto • Latham, David W. • Bieryla, Allyson • Cochran, William D. • Endl, Michael • Tayar, Jamie • Serenelli, Aldo • Silva Aguirre, Victor • Clarke, Seth P. • Martinez, Maria • Spencer, Michelle • Trump, Jason • Joner, Michael D. • Bugg, Adam G. • Hintz, Eric G. • Stephens, Denise C. • Arredondo, Anicia • Benzaid, Anissa • Yazdi, Sormeh • McLeod, Kim K. • Jensen, Eric L. N. • Hancock, Daniel A. • Sorber, Rebecca L. • Kasper, David H. • Jang-Condell, Hannah • Beatty, Thomas G. • Carroll, Thorsten • Eastman, Jason • James, David • Kuhn, Rudolf B. • Labadie-Bartz, Jonathan • Lund, Michael B. • Mallonn, Matthias • Pepper, Joshua • Siverd, Robert J. • Yao, Xinyu • Cohen, David H. • Curtis, Ivan A. • DePoy, D. L. • Fulton, Benjamin J. • Penny, Matthew T. • Relles, Howard • Stockdale, Christopher • Tan, Thiam-Guan • Villanueva, Steven, Jr.

Abstract • We present the discovery of KELT-21b, a hot Jupiter transiting the V = 10.5 A8V star HD 332124. The planet has an orbital period of P = 3.6127647 ± 0.0000033 days and a radius of {1.586}-0.040+0.039 {R}{{J}}. We set an upper limit on the planetary mass of {M}P< 3.91 {M}{{J}} at 3σ confidence. We confirmed the planetary nature of the transiting companion using this mass limit and Doppler tomographic observations to verify that the companion transits HD 332124. These data also demonstrate that the planetary orbit is well-aligned with the stellar spin, with a sky-projected spin-orbit misalignment of λ =-{5.6}-1.9+1.7\circ . The star has {T}{eff}={7598}-84+81 K, {M}* ={1.458}-0.028+0.029 {M}, {R}* =1.638 +/- 0.034 {R}, and v\sin {I}* =146 km s-1, the highest projected rotation velocity of any star known to host a transiting hot Jupiter. The star also appears to be somewhat metal poor and α-enhanced, with [{Fe}/{{H}}]=-{0.405}-0.033+0.032 and [α/Fe] = 0.145 ± 0.053 these abundances are unusual, but not extraordinary, for a young star with thin-disk kinematics like KELT-21. High-resolution imaging observations revealed the presence of a pair of stellar companions to KELT-21, located at a separation of 1.″2 and with a combined contrast of {{Δ }}{K}S=6.39+/- 0.06 with respect to the primary. Although these companions are most likely physically associated with KELT-21, we cannot confirm this with our current data. If associated, the candidate companions KELT-21 B and C would each have masses of ∼0.12 {M}, a projected mutual separation of ∼20 au, and a projected separation of ∼500 au from KELT-21. KELT-21b may be one of only a handful of known transiting planets in hierarchical triple stellar systems.


IPAC Authors


Sebastiano Calchi Novati

Associate Scientist


Benjamin Fulton

Assistant Scientist