The California-Kepler Survey. II. Precise Physical Properties of 2025 Kepler Planets and Their Host Stars

September 2017 • 2017AJ....154..108J

Authors • Johnson, John Asher • Petigura, Erik A. • Fulton, Benjamin J. • Marcy, Geoffrey W. • Howard, Andrew W. • Isaacson, Howard • Hebb, Leslie • Cargile, Phillip A. • Morton, Timothy D. • Weiss, Lauren M. • Winn, Joshua N. • Rogers, Leslie A. • Sinukoff, Evan • Hirsch, Lea A.

Abstract • We present stellar and planetary properties for 1305 Kepler Objects of Interest hosting 2025 planet candidates observed as part of the California-Kepler Survey. We combine spectroscopic constraints, presented in Paper I, with stellar interior modeling to estimate stellar masses, radii, and ages. Stellar radii are typically constrained to 11%, compared to 40% when only photometric constraints are used. Stellar masses are constrained to 4%, and ages are constrained to 30%. We verify the integrity of the stellar parameters through comparisons with asteroseismic studies and Gaia parallaxes. We also recompute planetary radii for 2025 planet candidates. Because knowledge of planetary radii is often limited by uncertainties in stellar size, we improve the uncertainties in planet radii from typically 42% to 12%. We also leverage improved knowledge of stellar effective temperature to recompute incident stellar fluxes for the planets, now precise to 21%, compared to a factor of two when derived from photometry.

Based on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated jointly by the University of California and the California Institute of Technology. Keck time has been granted by the University of California, and California Institute of Technology, the University of Hawaii, and NASA.


IPAC Authors


Benjamin Fulton

Assistant Scientist