Detection of Potential Transit Signals in 17 Quarters of Kepler Data: Results of the Final Kepler Mission Transiting Planet Search (DR25)

December 2016 • 2016AJ....152..158T

Authors • Twicken, Joseph D. • Jenkins, Jon M. • Seader, Shawn E. • Tenenbaum, Peter • Smith, Jeffrey C. • Brownston, Lee S. • Burke, Christopher J. • Catanzarite, Joseph H. • Clarke, Bruce D. • Cote, Miles T. • Girouard, Forrest R. • Klaus, Todd C. • Li, Jie • McCauliff, Sean D. • Morris, Robert L. • Wohler, Bill • Campbell, Jennifer R. • Kamal Uddin, Akm • Zamudio, Khadeejah A. • Sabale, Anima • Bryson, Steven T. • Caldwell, Douglas A. • Christiansen, Jessie L. • Coughlin, Jeffrey L. • Haas, Michael R. • Henze, Christopher E. • Sanderfer, Dwight T. • Thompson, Susan E.

Abstract • We present results of the final Kepler Data Processing Pipeline search for transiting planet signals in the full 17-quarter primary mission data set. The search includes a total of 198,709 stellar targets, of which 112,046 were observed in all 17 quarters and 86,663 in fewer than 17 quarters. We report on 17,230 targets for which at least one transit signature is identified that meets the specified detection criteria: periodicity, minimum of three observed transit events, detection statistic (I.e., signal-to-noise ratio) in excess of the search threshold, and passing grade on three statistical transit consistency tests. Light curves for which a transit signal is identified are iteratively searched for additional signatures after a limb-darkened transiting planet model is fitted to the data and transit events are removed. The search for additional planets adds 16,802 transit signals for a total of 34,032; this far exceeds the number of transit signatures identified in prior pipeline runs. There was a strategic emphasis on completeness over reliability for the final Kepler transit search. A comparison of the transit signals against a set of 3402 well-established, high-quality Kepler Objects of Interest yields a recovery rate of 99.8%. The high recovery rate must be weighed against a large number of false-alarm detections. We examine characteristics of the planet population implied by the transiting planet model fits with an emphasis on detections that would represent small planets orbiting in the habitable zone of their host stars.


IPAC Authors


Jessie Christiansen

Associate Scientist