October 2015 • 2015IJMPA..3045010W
Abstract • The cause for the observed acceleration in the expansion of the Universe is unknown, and referred to as “dark energy” for convenience. Dark energy could be an unknown energy component, or a modification of Einstein’s general relativity. This dictates the measurements that are optimal in unveiling the nature of dark energy: the cosmic expansion history, and the growth history of cosmic large scale structure. Type Ia supernovae, galaxy clustering, and weak lensing are generally considered the most powerful observational probes of dark energy. I will examine Type Ia supernovae and galaxy clustering as dark energy probes, and discuss the recent results and future prospects.