The Quasar-LBG Two-point Angular Cross-correlation Function at z~4 in the COSMOS Field

August 2015 • 2015ApJ...809..138I

Authors • Ikeda, H. • Nagao, T. • Taniguchi, Y. • Matsuoka, K. • Kajisawa, M. • Akiyama, M. • Miyaji, T. • Kashikawa, N. • Morokuma, T. • Shioya, Y. • Enoki, M. • Capak, P. • Koekemoer, A. M. • Masters, D. • Salvato, M. • Sanders, D. B. • Schinnerer, E. • Scoville, N. Z.

Abstract • In order to investigate the origin of quasars, we estimate the bias factor for low-luminosity quasars at high redshift for the first time. In this study, we use the two-point angular cross-correlation function (CCF) for both low-luminosity quasars at -24\lt {M}1450\lt -22 and Lyman-break galaxies (LBGs). Our sample consists of both 25 low-luminosity quasars (16 objects are spectroscopically confirmed low-luminosity quasars) in the redshift range 3.1\lt z\lt 4.5 and 835 color-selected LBGs with {z}{LBG}\prime \lt 25.0 at z ∼ 4 in the COSMOS field. We have performed our analysis for the following two quasar samples: (1) the spectroscopic sample (the 16 quasars confirmed by spectroscopy), and (2) the total sample (the 25 quasars including 9 quasars with photometric redshifts). The bias factor for low-luminosity quasars at z ∼ 4 is derived by utilizing the quasar-LBG CCF and the LBG auto-correlation function. We then obtain the 86% upper limits of the bias factors for low-luminosity quasars, which are 5.63 and 10.50 for the total and the spectroscopic samples, respectively. These bias factors correspond to the typical dark matter halo masses, log ({M}{DM}/({h}-1{M})) = 12.7 and 13.5, respectively. This result is not inconsistent with the predicted bias for quasars that is estimated by the major merger models.


IPAC Authors


Elise Furlan

Associate Scientist

Daniel Masters

Assistant Scientist