The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) at Caltech is dedicated to science operations, data archives, and community support for astronomy and solar system science missions, with a historical emphasis on infrared-submillimeter astronomy and exoplanet science.
NASA's Kepler and Spitzer space telescopes have made the most precise measurement yet of the size of a planet beyond our solar system.
Comet C/2013 UQ4 (Catalina) has been observed by NASA's Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (NEOWISE) spacecraft just one day after passing through its closest approach to the sun. The comet glows brightly in infrared wavelengths, with a dust tail streaking more than 62,000 miles (100,000 kilometers) across the sky. Its spectacular activity is driven by the vaporization of ice that has been preserved from the time of planet formation 4.5 billion years ago.
Celebrants this Fourth of July will enjoy the dazzling lights and booming shock waves from the explosions of fireworks. A similarly styled event is taking place in the galaxy Messier 106, as seen by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Herschel Space Observatory.
Astronomers using ESA’s Herschel space observatory to probe the turbulent beginnings of a Sun-like star have found evidence of mighty stellar winds that could solve a puzzling meteorite mystery in our own back yard.
A group of organic chemicals that are considered carcinogens and pollutants today on Earth, but are also thought to be the building blocks for the origins of life, may hold clues to how carbon-rich chemicals created in stars are processed and recycled in space.
Astronomers using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope have measured the size of an asteroid candidate for NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), a proposed spacecraft concept to capture either a small asteroid, or a boulder from an asteroid. The near-Earth asteroid, called 2011 MD, was found to be roughly 20 feet (6 meters) in size, and its structure appears to contain a lot of empty space, perhaps resembling a pile of rubble. Spitzer's infrared vision was key to sizing up the asteroid.
Astronomers have discovered that a molecule vital for creating water exists in the burning embers of dying Sun-like stars. When low- to middleweight stars like our Sun approach the end of their lives, they eventually become dense, white dwarf stars. In doing so, they cast off their outer layers of dust and gas into space, creating a kaleidoscope of intricate patterns known as planetary nebulas.
Through a project dubbed SURFS UP, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and Hubble Space Telescope are catching sight of a "wave" of galaxies that emerged in the early universe. Starlight from these primordial galaxies is reckoned to have cleared a fog of hydrogen gas that shrouded the cosmos during a mysterious period known as the Dark Ages.
The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center at Caltech announces the availability of six-month graduate student fellowships beginning in the Spring of 2015. The program is designed to allow students from other institutions to visit IPAC-Caltech and perform astronomical research in close association with an IPAC staff member during Spring 2015.
This conference is intended for scientists to consider recent progress especially from NASA missions such as Spitzer, Kepler, Hubble and WISE, as it affects the design of the next generation of space-based infrared surveys, including the Decadal Survey's top priority, a wide-field infrared survey telescope (WFIRST).
The Keck Observatory Archive has released to the public 628 nights of data from the DEIMOS instrument. The released data include 27,409 science files and 56,514 calibration files. Another 665 nights of data will be released as their propriety period expires. Altogether, the DEIMOS total includes 38,308 science files and 71,881 calibration files (10.2 TB total)
The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC) announce the AllWISE Data Release. The AllWISE program combines data from WISE cryogenic and NEOWISE post-cryogenic survey phases, to form the most comprehensive view of the mid-infrared sky currently available.
2013 is a significant year in infrared astronomy -- it marks the 30th anniversary of the launch of IRAS, the Infrared Astronomical Satellite, which revolutionized our view of the infrared cosmos, increasing the number of known infrared sources by about 70%. This talk will review some of the major discoveries from some of the many important infrared astronomy missions.